Roses have been considered the queen of flowers since ancient times. At that time, its medicinal uses were more important, but gradually its cultivation spread in the Damask Rose Plant gardens. Man’s interest and desire to have this flower in all seasons of the year led to its production in the greenhouse. Rose is currently one of the most popular flowers in the world and is at the top in terms of production.
What color is the best damask rose?
The rose belongs to the rose family. These plants are scattered in large parts of the globe and are divided into miniature roses, patio, tea hybrid, florinbda, shrub, upward and upward in terms of plant growth and shape and flower production.
The rose has 120 species, ranging from cold northern regions to subtropical regions. Tea hybrid cultivars of tea and florinbda, which produce terminal flowers, are used in the production of cut greenhouse roses. Cut flowers are divided into three main categories.
1- Hybrid tea: to single-branched roses with a flower diameter of 9 cm or more.
2- Sweet hearts: Roses that have a flower diameter of less than 9 cm are called
3- Spray roses: At least 3 buds on one branch.
A study of the growth of these groups in the damask rose benefits Netherlands found that tea hybrids increased by about 2% in 2000 compared to 1999. However, the level of sweet hearts is declining, but some cultivars are growing well (Sacha and Escimo. Spray roses account for less than 3% of Dutch production.
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Greenhouse roses are mostly propagated by branch cuttings. To prepare cuttings, native plants are grown in suitable conditions. Cuttings are prepared after the branches have matured and the leaves have reached their final size. Because the mother plants in the greenhouse are growing steadily all year round, they can be used to make leafy cuttings all year round. The cuttings are harvested with one to three knots and only the end leaves are kept and the lower leaves are removed. Bottom cuttings can be treated with hormone-containing powders for better rooting. The cuttings are then placed inside a rooting bed, usually made of sand, perlite with jasper sand or a combination of them. Perlite with medium grain size of rooting bed is available and suitable. Temperatures between.C in the bed environment (around the roots) will cause better rooting of cuttings.
Most greenhouse rose growers in the damask rose colour world now use cultivars grafted on suitable rootstocks, Rosa manetti rootstock in the United States and R. canina and R. indica rootstocks are common in European countries.
In Kanina, in low light and cold conditions, the base goes into recession, multi-flora bases are strong and do not hibernate. Manti bases also do not have a winter recession and are widely used in the United States.
In each bed, 5 rows with a distance of 25 cm from each other are considered, and the middle row is removed and replaced by an irrigation system, which means that the cultivation is actually four rows. Also, in more common methods, two rows are used instead of four rows, and if there is no suitable heating system to improve ventilation, 2 rows of cultivation beds are recommended.